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The History of Horror

written by: Gilligan
From "Grimm's Fairy Tales" to "A Nightmare on Elm Street", tales of horror have always been a part of the human imagination. Let's take a look at the various landmarks and famous figures in the horror genre throughout history with an emphasis on the last couple of centuries.

Question 1:

Tales of horror first began as an oral tradition - stories told around the hearth. In the story of Beowulf, this vaguely human character is the descendant of the first murderer, Cain. At one point in the story, he kills and eats HroĆ°gar's warriors while they sleep.

Question 2:

With witches, ghosts, and murder this play by Shakespeare has nearly all the elements of horror fiction. First performed around 1606, it is called simply "The Scottish Play" by many actors who consider calling the play by its real title bad luck.
The Merchant of Venice
King Lear
The Tempest

Question 3:

View the provided image.
Many so-called fairy tales which have been passed down through generations contain extremely horrific elements. In the early 1800's the Brothers Grimm published some of them. Which tale involved a wicked queen who orders a huntsman to kill a young woman and bring back her heart as proof?
Snow White
Hansel and Gretel

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Question 4:

Two landmark works of horror released in the 19th century were Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Shelley and Dracula (1897) by this Irish author.
Bram Stoker
Lord Byron
W. H. Auden
Robert Louis Stevenson

Question 5:

View the provided image.
In the 19th century Edgar Allan Poe popularized a type of fiction known as macabre - stories characterized by a grim or ghastly atmosphere. Which of the following stories was NOT written by Edgar Allan Poe?
The Fall of the House of Usher
The House of Seven Gables
The Masque of the Red Death
The Pit and the Pendulum

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Question 6:

The 19th century saw the rise of the ghost story among acclaimed Victorian authors. Which of the following cannot be considered a work of supernatural fiction?
A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
The Turn of the Screw by Henry James
The Luck of Barry Lyndon by William Makepeace Thackeray
The Canterville Ghost by Oscar Wilde

Question 7:

View the provided image.
In 1922, a silent film starring Max Schreck called Nosferatu was released. What horror novel was the film based on?
The Murders in the Rue Morgue
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
The Phantom of the Opera

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Question 8:

View the provided image.
Beginning in 1923, Universal Studios released a series of highly successful horror movies. Which Universal monster is based on a novel by H. G. Wells?
The Phantom of the Opera
The Creature from the Black Lagoon
The Invisible Man
The Bride of Frankenstein

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Question 9:

View the provided image.
For most of the 1950s, movies tended to concentrate on science fiction themes. It was the age of the atomic bomb and the Cold War, so most horror movies naturally had a sci-fi twist . Which 1956 movie dealt with people being replaced by simulations grown from plantlike pods?
The Thing from Another World
Invasion of the Body Snatchers
The Day the Earth Stood Still

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Question 10:

View the provided image.
In the 1950s, the horror film industry was on the decline, but the horror comic was in full swing. The Tales from the Crypt series was hugely successful and often included adapted stories by this famous author of such works as Something Wicked This Way Comes, The Illustrated Man and Fahrenheit 451.
Richard Matheson
Peter Straub
Ray Bradbury
Robert Bloch

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Question 11:

View the provided image.
By the late 1950s the Baby Boomers were reaching their teenage years and a ton of campy drive-in movie variety horror films flooded the market. Which actor played the monster in the image provided?
Gene Hackman
Michael Landon
Leslie Nielson
Peter Graves

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Question 12:

View the provided image.
In the 1960s, horror returned to the cinema due in large part to the works of this British studio. Their projects may have been low budget, but Christopher Lee and Peter Cushing were extraordinary actors, and the scripts and direction were second-to-none.
King World
United Artists
Hammer Film Productions

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Question 13:

View the provided image.
By the 1970s, the Baby Boomers had reached adulthood, the Vietnam War was raging, the economy was sinking, and the film industry's Production Code of America had been abolished. All this resulted in grittier horror films such as this grisly 1974 film by Tobe Hooper.
Night of the Living Dead
The Exorcist
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
The Hills Have Eyes

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Question 14:

View the provided image.
In the late 1960s and in the 1970s the horror movie market was absolutely booming in Europe and Euro-horror took violence and sexuality to new heights. Which of the following was not a European horror movie director?
Mario Bava
Dario Argento
Joe Dante
Lucio Fulci

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Question 15:

Beginning in the 1970s, author Stephen King re-popularized the horror novel. Which of the following novels was NOT written by King?
Salem's Lot
The Dead Zone

Question 16:

The horror explosion of the 1970s resulted in the infiltration of horror themes in popular music. Which band released the albums Paranoid, Master of Reality, Heaven & Hell, We Sold Our Souls for Rock & Roll, Live Evil, and Sabotage?
Alice Cooper
Iron Maiden
Black Sabbath

Question 17:

View the provided image.
Horror films for most of the 1980s were either sequels (like Friday the 13th parts 2, 3, 4, etc.) or standard teenage slasher movies like Prom Night or My Bloody Valentine. Which of the following "slashers" would you find at Camp Crystal Lake?
Jason Voorhees
Michael Myers
Freddy Krueger

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Question 18:

By the mid-1990s, horror movies were in dire need of something new. The standard formulas were becoming tired and old. One of the most successful films of this period, Scream (1996), was basically tongue-in-cheek and poked fun at the now cliche horror film genre. Which actress did NOT appear in Scream?
Neve Campbell
Courteney Cox
Drew Barrymore
Sarah Michelle Gellar

Question 19:

View the provided image.
The 2000s saw a return to the graphic violence of the 1970s in movies like Saw (2004) and Hostel (2005). Also, horror movies from Asia began to exert an influence on the market. Which of the following American horror movies was NOT adapted from a Japanese film?
The Ring
The Devil's Rejects
Dark Water
The Grudge

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