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The History of Horror

written by: Gilligan
From "Grimm's Fairy Tales" to "A Nightmare on Elm Street", tales of horror have always been a part of the human imagination. Let's take a look at the various landmarks and famous figures in the horror genre throughout history with an emphasis on the last couple of centuries.

Question 1:

Tales of horror first began as an oral tradition - stories told around the hearth. In the story of Beowulf, this vaguely human character is the descendant of the first murderer, Cain. At one point in the story, he kills and eats HroĆ°gar's warriors while they sleep.

Question 2:

With witches, ghosts, and murder this play by Shakespeare has nearly all the elements of horror fiction. First performed around 1606, it is called simply "The Scottish Play" by many actors who consider calling the play by its real title bad luck.
The Merchant of Venice
King Lear
The Tempest

Question 3:

View the provided image.
Many so-called fairy tales which have been passed down through generations contain extremely horrific elements. In the early 1800's the Brothers Grimm published some of them. Which tale involved a wicked queen who orders a huntsman to kill a young woman and bring back her heart as proof?
Hansel and Gretel
Snow White

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Question 4:

Two landmark works of horror released in the 19th century were Frankenstein (1818) by Mary Shelley and Dracula (1897) by this Irish author.
W. H. Auden
Robert Louis Stevenson
Lord Byron
Bram Stoker

Question 5:

View the provided image.
In the 19th century Edgar Allan Poe popularized a type of fiction known as macabre - stories characterized by a grim or ghastly atmosphere. Which of the following stories was NOT written by Edgar Allan Poe?
The Masque of the Red Death
The House of Seven Gables
The Fall of the House of Usher
The Pit and the Pendulum

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Question 6:

The 19th century saw the rise of the ghost story among acclaimed Victorian authors. Which of the following cannot be considered a work of supernatural fiction?
The Canterville Ghost by Oscar Wilde
A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens
The Luck of Barry Lyndon by William Makepeace Thackeray
The Turn of the Screw by Henry James

Question 7:

View the provided image.
In 1922, a silent film starring Max Schreck called Nosferatu was released. What horror novel was the film based on?
The Phantom of the Opera
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
The Murders in the Rue Morgue

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Question 8:

View the provided image.
Beginning in 1923, Universal Studios released a series of highly successful horror movies. Which Universal monster is based on a novel by H. G. Wells?
The Phantom of the Opera
The Creature from the Black Lagoon
The Invisible Man
The Bride of Frankenstein

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Question 9:

View the provided image.
For most of the 1950s, movies tended to concentrate on science fiction themes. It was the age of the atomic bomb and the Cold War, so most horror movies naturally had a sci-fi twist . Which 1956 movie dealt with people being replaced by simulations grown from plantlike pods?
The Thing from Another World
The Day the Earth Stood Still
Invasion of the Body Snatchers

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Question 10:

View the provided image.
In the 1950s, the horror film industry was on the decline, but the horror comic was in full swing. The Tales from the Crypt series was hugely successful and often included adapted stories by this famous author of such works as Something Wicked This Way Comes, The Illustrated Man and Fahrenheit 451.
Peter Straub
Ray Bradbury
Richard Matheson
Robert Bloch

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Question 11:

View the provided image.
By the late 1950s the Baby Boomers were reaching their teenage years and a ton of campy drive-in movie variety horror films flooded the market. Which actor played the monster in the image provided?
Leslie Nielson
Gene Hackman
Peter Graves
Michael Landon

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Question 12:

View the provided image.
In the 1960s, horror returned to the cinema due in large part to the works of this British studio. Their projects may have been low budget, but Christopher Lee and Peter Cushing were extraordinary actors, and the scripts and direction were second-to-none.
Hammer Film Productions
United Artists
King World

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Question 13:

View the provided image.
By the 1970s, the Baby Boomers had reached adulthood, the Vietnam War was raging, the economy was sinking, and the film industry's Production Code of America had been abolished. All this resulted in grittier horror films such as this grisly 1974 film by Tobe Hooper.
The Hills Have Eyes
The Texas Chainsaw Massacre
Night of the Living Dead
The Exorcist

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Question 14:

View the provided image.
In the late 1960s and in the 1970s the horror movie market was absolutely booming in Europe and Euro-horror took violence and sexuality to new heights. Which of the following was not a European horror movie director?
Dario Argento
Joe Dante
Mario Bava
Lucio Fulci

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Question 15:

Beginning in the 1970s, author Stephen King re-popularized the horror novel. Which of the following novels was NOT written by King?
The Dead Zone
Salem's Lot

Question 16:

The horror explosion of the 1970s resulted in the infiltration of horror themes in popular music. Which band released the albums Paranoid, Master of Reality, Heaven & Hell, We Sold Our Souls for Rock & Roll, Live Evil, and Sabotage?
Alice Cooper
Black Sabbath
Iron Maiden

Question 17:

View the provided image.
Horror films for most of the 1980s were either sequels (like Friday the 13th parts 2, 3, 4, etc.) or standard teenage slasher movies like Prom Night or My Bloody Valentine. Which of the following "slashers" would you find at Camp Crystal Lake?
Freddy Krueger
Michael Myers
Jason Voorhees

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Question 18:

By the mid-1990s, horror movies were in dire need of something new. The standard formulas were becoming tired and old. One of the most successful films of this period, Scream (1996), was basically tongue-in-cheek and poked fun at the now cliche horror film genre. Which actress did NOT appear in Scream?
Sarah Michelle Gellar
Courteney Cox
Neve Campbell
Drew Barrymore

Question 19:

View the provided image.
The 2000s saw a return to the graphic violence of the 1970s in movies like Saw (2004) and Hostel (2005). Also, horror movies from Asia began to exert an influence on the market. Which of the following American horror movies was NOT adapted from a Japanese film?
The Grudge
The Ring
Dark Water
The Devil's Rejects

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