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The Cell: Organelles

written by: eyez2k1ss
 
Test your knowledge of the basic cellular structures and their functions in the complicated processes that take place in the cells.

Question 1:


The Golgi apparatus found in most eukaryotic cells participates in the sorting and modification of what type of organic compounds?
Proteins
Water molecules
Lipids
Carbohydrates

Question 2:


The cell has up to several thousands of these tiny organelles scattered in its cytoplasm. They are often called "cellular power plants," because they convert organic materials into energy.
Vacuoles
Ribosomes
Chloroplasts
Mitochondria

Question 3:


Plastids are major cell organelles found in which of these groups of organisms?
Plants and animals
Plants and algae
Algae
Plants

Question 4:


The process of photosynthesis is carried out by which of these major cell organelles?
Chloroplasts
Vacuoles
Mitochondria
Ribosomes

Question 5:


Which of these is not among the vacuole's functions in the cell?
Capturing food materials
Maintaining the internal pH
Exporting unwanted substances
Production of ATP

Question 6:


Typical for the animal cells only, lysosomes are organelles built in the Golgi apparatus that contain what type of enzymes?
Restriction enzymes
Amylase enzymes
Inhibitors
Digestive enzymes

Question 7:


Which organelle makes up the cell's translational apparatus that translates Messenger RNA (mRNA) into polypeptide chains?
Golgi apparatus
Ribosome
Mitochondrion
Lysosome

Question 8:


Cell nuclei have two primary functions in the cell. The first is to to store genetic information needed for cellular division. What is the second one?
To remove unwanted structural debris surrounding the cell
To maintain an acidic internal pH
To maintain internal hydrostatic pressure
To control chemical reactions

Question 9:


Which of the following organelles is typical for animal cells only?
Nucleolus
Melanosome
Golgi apparatus
Vacuole

Question 10:


Which one of these organelles is a part of the endomembrane system of eukaryotic cells?
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Chloroplast
Mitochondrion

 


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