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The Cell: Organelles

written by: eyez2k1ss
 
Test your knowledge of the basic cellular structures and their functions in the complicated processes that take place in the cells.

Question 1:


The Golgi apparatus found in most eukaryotic cells participates in the sorting and modification of what type of organic compounds?
Proteins
Water molecules
Carbohydrates
Lipids

Question 2:


The cell has up to several thousands of these tiny organelles scattered in its cytoplasm. They are often called "cellular power plants," because they convert organic materials into energy.
Vacuoles
Mitochondria
Chloroplasts
Ribosomes

Question 3:


Plastids are major cell organelles found in which of these groups of organisms?
Plants and algae
Plants
Plants and animals
Algae

Question 4:


The process of photosynthesis is carried out by which of these major cell organelles?
Mitochondria
Vacuoles
Ribosomes
Chloroplasts

Question 5:


Which of these is not among the vacuole's functions in the cell?
Capturing food materials
Production of ATP
Exporting unwanted substances
Maintaining the internal pH

Question 6:


Typical for the animal cells only, lysosomes are organelles built in the Golgi apparatus that contain what type of enzymes?
Amylase enzymes
Restriction enzymes
Inhibitors
Digestive enzymes

Question 7:


Which organelle makes up the cell's translational apparatus that translates Messenger RNA (mRNA) into polypeptide chains?
Golgi apparatus
Mitochondrion
Lysosome
Ribosome

Question 8:


Cell nuclei have two primary functions in the cell. The first is to to store genetic information needed for cellular division. What is the second one?
To control chemical reactions
To maintain internal hydrostatic pressure
To maintain an acidic internal pH
To remove unwanted structural debris surrounding the cell

Question 9:


Which of the following organelles is typical for animal cells only?
Nucleolus
Golgi apparatus
Melanosome
Vacuole

Question 10:


Which one of these organelles is a part of the endomembrane system of eukaryotic cells?
Chloroplast
Mitochondrion
Endoplasmic reticulum
Nucleus

 


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