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The Cell: Organelles

written by: eyez2k1ss
 
Test your knowledge of the basic cellular structures and their functions in the complicated processes that take place in the cells.

Question 1:


The Golgi apparatus found in most eukaryotic cells participates in the sorting and modification of what type of organic compounds?
Proteins
Lipids
Carbohydrates
Water molecules

Question 2:


The cell has up to several thousands of these tiny organelles scattered in its cytoplasm. They are often called "cellular power plants," because they convert organic materials into energy.
Ribosomes
Chloroplasts
Mitochondria
Vacuoles

Question 3:


Plastids are major cell organelles found in which of these groups of organisms?
Plants and animals
Plants
Algae
Plants and algae

Question 4:


The process of photosynthesis is carried out by which of these major cell organelles?
Ribosomes
Chloroplasts
Mitochondria
Vacuoles

Question 5:


Which of these is not among the vacuole's functions in the cell?
Maintaining the internal pH
Production of ATP
Capturing food materials
Exporting unwanted substances

Question 6:


Typical for the animal cells only, lysosomes are organelles built in the Golgi apparatus that contain what type of enzymes?
Amylase enzymes
Digestive enzymes
Restriction enzymes
Inhibitors

Question 7:


Which organelle makes up the cell's translational apparatus that translates Messenger RNA (mRNA) into polypeptide chains?
Mitochondrion
Lysosome
Golgi apparatus
Ribosome

Question 8:


Cell nuclei have two primary functions in the cell. The first is to to store genetic information needed for cellular division. What is the second one?
To control chemical reactions
To remove unwanted structural debris surrounding the cell
To maintain an acidic internal pH
To maintain internal hydrostatic pressure

Question 9:


Which of the following organelles is typical for animal cells only?
Golgi apparatus
Nucleolus
Vacuole
Melanosome

Question 10:


Which one of these organelles is a part of the endomembrane system of eukaryotic cells?
Mitochondrion
Nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
Chloroplast

 


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