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Medical Terminology and Diseases II

written by: zombie2
 
Are you fascinated with medical information? Do you enjoy learning about diseases and medical terms? Test your knowledge with part two of Medical Terminology and Diseases.

Question 1:


Tuberculosis is an infection, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs. Among the symptoms of Tuberculosis are fatigue, weakness, coughing and hemoptysis. What does the term "hemoptysis" refer to?
Loss of appetite
Coughing up blood
Night sweats
Frequent urination

Question 2:


Fainting is a loss of consciousness due to temporary insufficient blood flow to the brain. What is he medical term for fainting?
Syncope
Aura
Polyuria
Aphasia

Question 3:


Cerebral palsy, first identified by the British surgeon, William Little in 1860, refers to a large group of movement disorders. When the two lower limbs are affected, cerebral palsy is defined by which term?
Quadriplegia
Biplegia
Hemiplegia
Diplegia

Question 4:


A transient ischemic attack, or TIA, is caused by temporary disturbance of blood supply to a restricted area of the brain. Could TIA be considered a warning that a cerebrovascular accident (a stroke) is likely to occur?
No
Yes

Question 5:


What is the definition of the word "Embolus", which comes from a Greek word, meaning "a wedge" or "plug"?
A rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
Inflammation of a joint, accompanied by pain and swelling
A blood clot, a clump of bacteria or foreign material, that travels through the bloodstream, lodges in a blood vessel and blocks it
None of these

Question 6:


Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is a method of creating images of the inside of opaque organs in living organisms, used to distinguish pathological tissue (such as a brain tumor) from healthy tissue.
True
False

Question 7:


This disease, commonly known as "Lou Gehrig's disease", occurs when the nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord gradually deteriorate.
Multiple Sclerosis
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Myasthenia Gravis
Alzheimer's Disease

Question 8:


Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the brain and spinal cord. Among the various symptoms of the disease is a shock-like sensation that runs down the back and into the legs, and is caused by bending the neck forward. What is the medical term for this symptom?
Paraplegia
Lhermitte's sign
Nystagmus
Vertigo

Question 9:


What condition is characterized by blindness in one half of the visual field of one or both eyes?
Macular Degeneration
Hemianopia
Glaucoma
Retinopathy

Question 10:


The medical term, "Bradycardia" refers to an abnormally fast heart rate.
False
True

 


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