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Great Battles

written by: bas191
The name says it all... battles that changed history!

Question 1:

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'Like a Swede at Poltava' is a simile in Russian for 'utter defeat'. The Russian army, commanded by Tsar Peter the First, defeated the Swedish army under the command of Fieldmarshall Rehnskiold, thus marking the end of Sweden as a Great Power and the rise of Russia as a new Great Power. In which present day country and in what year did this battle take place?
Russia - 1762
Ukraine - 1709
Finland - 1809
Lithuania - 1795

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Question 2:

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After the body of king Leonidas was discovered by the Persian troops, Xerxes, in a rage, ordered the body to be beheaded and crucified. After which battle was this barbarous deed committed?
The battle of Mycale - 479 BC
The battle of Marathon - 490 BC
The battle of Salamis - 480 BC
The battle of Thermopylae - 480 BC

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Question 3:

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During the Italian Wars of 1521 - 1526, Swiss Mercenary Pikemen were still widely used by the French. However, this would all change after the Swiss suffered massive losses from the fire of Spanish arquebusiers at which battle?
The battle of Landriano - 1528
The battle of La Bicocca - 1522
The battle of Sesia - 1524
The battle of Pavia - 1525

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Question 4:

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In 793 a raid took place on Lindisfarne, sparking much consternation throughout the Western World. It was the dawn of what new era?
The establishment of the Carolingian Dynasty
The start of the Dark Ages
The Era of Muslim Expansion
The Viking Era

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Question 5:

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On April 29th, 1241 a significant battle took place near the Silesian town of Legnica. A joined German and Polish force faced a Mongol army. During the battle the German and Polish forces were almost utterly destroyed and King Henry II died in the fighting. What was the significance of the aftermath of this battle?
The Mongols would never again attempt a conquest of Western Europe.
Internal rivalry sparked a civil war amongst the Mongols resulting in the end of the Mongol Empire
It united the Mongols in what would come to be known 'the Golden Horde'.
It unified Poland.

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Question 6:

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In what was to become one of the bloodiest battles in human history, the French and English launched an assault on the German lines in the Somme region in 1916. Although the battle ended disastrously for all sides (there were over 1 million casualties), it saw the introduction of this weapon that would play a significant role in the conflicts to come.
The Bomber aircraft
The Tank
The Fighter aircraft

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Question 7:

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At what battle did the 'Charge of the Light Brigade' take place?
The Battle of Koniggratz - 1866
The Battle of Gettysburg - 1863
The Battle of Novara - 1849
The Battle of Balaclava - 1854

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Question 8:

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Irving Berlin wrote the lyrics of the famous song 'White Christmas' in 1940. It would receive the Academy Award for Best Original Song. However it would also be broadcast as a signal for the final stages of this massive withdrawal of troops.
The withdrawal of US Marines from Saigon - 1975
The withdrawal of UN troops (Operation United Shield) from Somalia - 1995
The withdrawal of the 1st Airborne Division ending Operation Market Garden - 1944
The Miracle of Dunkirk - 1940

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Question 9:

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At this siege the Crusaders would earn an appalling reputation. It would be remembered in the Middle East for centuries to come and in many Middle Eastern languages Crusaders are referred to as Cannibals.
The Siege of Jerusalem - 1099
The Siege of Ma'arrat al-Numan - 1098
The Siege of Nicaea - 1097
The Siege of Antioch - 1097

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Question 10:

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On June 22nd, 1941 the Germans launched the operation codenamed Operation Barbarossa. 5.6 million Axis forces invaded the Soviet Union. Which country did not participate in this attack?

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