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Eponyms

written by: Eve
 
Do you know the origin of these eponyms that have entered everyday speech?

Question 1:


The word 'gargantuan' is an eponym derived from a character, depicted by this 16th century French author.
Victor Hugo
Honoré de Balzac
Alexander Dumas, père
François Rabelais

Question 2:


The term 'Quizling', which means a 'traitor', is derived from the name of Vidkun Quisling, who assisted Nazi Germany while serving as Minister-President of this country.
Finland
Norway
Austria
Poland

Question 3:


The name of the famous womanizer Giacomo Casanova has become synonymous with the art of seduction. Who wrote the book "Histoire de ma vie" which covers part of Casanova's life?
Alexandre Dumas
Tirso de Molina
Giacomo Casanova
Gustave Flaubert

Question 4:


Which of these musical instruments was named after a person?
saxophone
piano
clarinet
All of these

Question 5:


What Ancient Greek lyric poet was born on the island of Lesbos from which the term 'lesbian' is derived?
Euripides
Homer
Sappho
Herodas

Question 6:


The word 'shylock', which refers to a ruthless moneylender, is derived from the name of a character appearing in what Shakespearean play?
The Two Gentlemen of Verona
The Merchant of Venice
Measure for Measure
King Lear

Question 7:


The phrase "Herculean task", meaning a difficult task that requires great effort, originates from the stories of the Twelve Labors of the divine hero Hercules. Which of these is not one of the labors Hercules had to perform?
Capture Cerberus
Take fire from Mount Olympus
Clean the Augean stables in a single day
Slay the 9-headed Hydra

Question 8:


The modern sandwich is possibly named after the 4th Earl of Sandwich, who allegedly ordered his servant to bring him meat tucked between two pieces of bread, as he was unwilling to leave this activity.
gambling
reading
playing chess
shooting birds

Question 9:


What is the origin of the word 'maverick', which refers for a person of independent views?
It is derived from the name of The Mavericks, a country music band.
It is derived from the western TV series Maverick.
It is derived from the name of Samuel Maverick, a Texan who lived in the 19th century.
It is derived from the name of a guitar, called Fender Maverick.

Question 10:


Which of these weapons, named after people, is colloquially known as "The Gun That Won the West"?
Winchester rifle
Shrapnel shell
Kalashnikov
Gatling gun

 


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