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English Syntax

written by: iskra87
 
Do you know how words, phrases and clauses combine into meaningful units? This is what syntax is about.

Question 1:


What syntactic element is not part of the predicate?
Direct Object
Subject Complement
Subject
Adjunct

Question 2:


What category is never marked on Non-Finite Verb Phrases such us "to have been studying", "being studied", etc?
Tense
Voice
Correlation
Aspect

Question 3:


In the sentence "Cristiano Ronaldo was the best player available", what is the syntactic function of the Noun Phrase "the best player available"?
Subject Complement
Subject
Object Direct
Object Indirect

Question 4:


What sentence is not in the indicative clause type (or mood)?
Don't move!
What a clever girl she is!
You are beautiful.
Are you alone?

Question 5:


What sentence contains an Obligatory Adjunct, also known as Predicator Complement?
The baby weighs 9 pounds.
The bus stopped suddenly.
She has left her husband for him.
The police found him without much difficulty.

Question 6:


Identify the Operator in the sentence: The football match must have been played last Saturday.
must
played
been
have

Question 7:


The nominal clauses are finite dependent clauses that fulfill the functions of Subject, Object and Complement in clause structure. There are four main types: wh-nominal relative, dependent exclamative, wh-interrogative and what other type?
comparative clause as in "Paul won more money than he had expected."
relative clause as in "Ann bought the red coat that had black buttons."
that-clause as in "He saw that the bottles were empty."
circumstantial clause as in "As soon as I got home, I phoned him."

Question 8:


Where do we have an example of "code", one of the "NICE" constructions (negation, inversion, code and emphasis)?
Please, stay!
I will stay, if you will.
I don't want to stay.
I do want to stay.

Question 9:


In what sentence is there a modifier in the Adverbial Phrase?
My shoes are bright red.
The French have come to sigh the contract.
They left for good.
I will find the person responsible.

Question 10:


Of what kind is the coordination between the clauses in the sentence "You should neither ask him for money nor accept it if he offers"?
Alternation
Addition
Explanation
Variation

 


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