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Effects of Weather on Human History - Military Effects

written by: shimonbentzvi
 
Weather phenomena have had a great effect on military and non-military events in human history. This is a very difficult quiz.

Question 1:


Both the invasion of the Roman Empire by Hannibal (217 BCE) and Ghenghis Khan's invasion of China in the 13th century were made possible by this weather phenomenon.
Hurricanes deterred defending troops from meeting the enemy before they could get a foothold
Typhoons stopping naval forces from defending the invaded countries
Unusually high temperatures causing grave illnesses on the defending troops
The freezing of marshlands and rivers allowing mounted troops to invade

Question 2:


In the early 18th century Charles XII of Sweden was undefeated until this happened. In 1812 Napoleon's attempt to conquer Europe failed because of the same. Hitler's Operation Barbarossa was stopped by the same obstacle.
The lack of adequate water supplies in Northern Europe
The lack of grain in Eastern Europe
The overabundance of muddy terrain in Northern Europe
The frigid Russian winter

Question 3:


December 26, 1776 saw the Battle of Trenton in what was then the American colonies. Which statement explains why Washington was victorious?
A terrible hurricane kept the British and Hessian troops from recon patrols.
The English and Hessian troops did not think the Americans could move during freezing cold weather.
The Hessian and British troops were so ill from the cold that they could not defend themselves.
The English and Hessian troops thought that the Americans would not attack during Christmas.

Question 4:


In World War I, the Germans used large amounts of poison gas against their enemies. In 1915 a large poison gas attack by Germany against the Russians failed. Why?
The poison gas was dispersed by the very moist Russian summer.
The smog in Russia meant that the artillery shells were fired without knowing where to aim.
Because of the Russian winter the shells froze.
The German howitzers could not move in marshland.

Question 5:


How did weather affect D-Day (the first day of the Invasion of Normandy in World War 2)?
The invasion was set for June 5 but the only break in the rainy weather came on June 6.
An unexpected cyclone hit central France stopping reinforcements from repelling the invasion.
Terrible rain storms hit the Normandy beaches slowing German tanks from helping the troops.
The terrible weather stopped the German air force from flying that week.

Question 6:


In 1950 North Korea was able to invade the south because the US Air Forces were disabled by what?  (place mouse pointer over ? icon to view hints or answer requirements)


Question 7:


The Chinese army was able to invade South Korea in 1951 because what river froze?
The Ra Kyung
The Ryongchon
The Han
The Yalu

Question 8:


In 1954 the French were defeated at this very famous battle partly because their area of defense received 50% more rain than any other area of Vietnam, which badly effected their equipment.
Vunh Huy
Dien Bien Phu
Hue
Khe Sanh

Question 9:


In 1980, U.S. President Jimmy Carter tried to free American hostages via a helicopter attack. Where were these hostages held?
Somalia
Granada
Iran
Panama

Question 10:


All military equipment is effected by weather. During the Vietnam War, the Americans expected their equipment to last an average of 8 years. On average, how long did the equipment last in reality?
5 years
1 year
6 months
2 years

 


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