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Early Cold War 1946-1955

written by: danmontg
This quiz checks your general knowledge of people, events, organizations, etc. during the first decade of the Cold War.

Question 1:

Which of these European nations did not come under Soviet domination in the five years following the end of World War Two?

Question 2:

In 1946 George Kennan, a Russian specialist in the US embassy in Moscow, sent a "long telegram" to Washington. His telegram was very persuasive and is given much credit for the US adopting this kind of policy.
policy of isolationism
policy of confrontation
policy of containment
policy of conciliation

Question 3:

View the provided image.
Which of the following is NOT true about the Berlin Airlift of 1947-48?
West Berliners enthusiastically supported the airlift.
Both the US and Britain flew supplies into Berlin for nearly a year.
The Soviets shot down 14 planes participating in the airlift.
Breaking through the blockade on land using military force was unfeasible due to Soviet military strength in the area.

View Image

Question 4:

The Marshall Plan of 1947 offered massive economic aid to help war-devastated nations in Europe. However, communist controlled Eastern Europe received none of the aid for what reason?
War damage in Eastern Europe was relatively small.
The Soviet dictator Stalin refused to allow any communist controlled nation of Eastern Europe to receive Marshall Plan aid
Western European nations refused to participate in the plan if Eastern European communist nations were included.
The US Congress stipulated that no aid could be given to communist nations.

Question 5:

What was the main purpose of the Truman Doctrine, that was first announced in 1947?
keeping the US isolated from conflicts in Europe and Asia
containment of communism
economic aid to European allies and Japan
US support for the United Nations Organization for maintaining world peace

Question 6:

View the provided image.
The Korean War began in 1950 following this event.
The Soviet Union refused to remove its military forces from Korea.
US forces tried to take control of an occupation zone in Korea agreed upon at the Yalta Conference but were resisted by communist forces.
North Korea invaded South Korea.
Chinese forces invaded Korea.

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Question 7:

Why did President Truman relieve General MacArthur of command of UN forces in the Korean War?
because MacArthur wanted to withdraw all UN forces below the 38th parallel in Korea
because MacArthur publicly criticized his commander-in-chief's (President Trumans') policy of limited war in Korea
because MacArthur advocated counterattacking communist forces in Europe to relieve pressure on Korea
because MacArthur refused to allow bombing attacks on communist bases in China

Question 8:

View the provided image.
In 1949 the United States joined a permanent military alliance for the first time in its history. Name the alliance.
The United Nations
the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)
the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
The Tripartite Alliance with Britain and France

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Question 9:

Who did Soviet leader Joseph Stalin appoint as his successor before his death in 1953?

Question 10:

How long did the United States keep the monopoly on the atomic bomb?
four years until 1949
seven years until 1952
one year until 1946
ten years until 1955

Question 11:

Which of the following is the best reason why the KMT (Nationalists) under Chiang Kai-shek were defeated by the communists in the civil war following World War Two and forced to flee to Taiwan in 1949?
The communist forces greatly outnumbered the KTM and were better equipped.
The US refused to give any aid to the KMT.
There was much corruption and inefficiency in the KMT leadership.
The only support for the KMT was from Chinese peasants.

Question 12:

Name the military alliance made up of the Soviet Union and the communist nations of Eastern Europe.
The Moscow Treaty Organization
The Alliance of Socialist Nations
The Warsaw Pact

Question 13:

What two US Presidents served during the first decade of the Cold War?
Eisenhower, Kennedy
Kennedy, Nixon
Roosevelt, Truman
Truman, Eisenhower

Question 14:

What European nation received US aid to try to put down the communist insurgency in Indochina in the late 1940s and early 1950s?

Question 15:

For a few years in the mid-1950s relations between the Soviet Union and the United States became less tense. What is this period of time called?
the thaw
the good years
the age of reason


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