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Broadcasting History

written by: scotwitt
A look at very early radio and television.

Question 1:

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While often credited with creating radio, what certified technical achievement did Nikola Tesla accomplish?
Found that by putting metal foil around an oscillator, it settled down and did not impact other parts of the new radio circuits.
Discovered X-Rays and thus electromagnetic bandwidth.
Lifted the antenna (aerial in Europe) above ground and added a ground connection thus allowing the generated power to more easily be created and sent into the air.
Created the grid, adding it to the anode and plate (triode tube, valve in Europe) allowing Amplitude Modulation.

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Question 2:

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RCA President David Sarnoff relayed the SOS from the Titanic while a Marconi telegrapher in Philadelphia in 1912.

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Question 3:

The Communications Act of 1912 forced amateur operators to take lengthy tests before a Department of Commerce examiner and issued commercial ship-to-shore call signs to early broadcasting stations. Name the Secretary of Commerce that oversaw this first step toward communication regulation in the United States.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Herbert Hoover
Solomon Chase
William Jennings Bryan

Question 4:

Radio Nederland, the BBC and Radio Berlin were three of the very few 'short wave' radio stations broadcasting to international audiences before the 1930s. 'Short Wave' referred to the wavelength of the radio frequencies such broadcasters used because they were much shorter than the typical 300 meter AM band used for commercial broadcasting.

Question 5:

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The National Broadcasting Company had so many stations affiliated with it that it was forced to create a second NBC Network until one of them was sold to the American Phonograph Company to become ABC. The NBC networks were called NBC Red and NBC ..........................  (place mouse pointer over ? icon to view hints or answer requirements)

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Question 6:

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On Sunday, October 30th, 1938, NBC broadcast The Mercury Theater of the Air's production of War of the Worlds. The newspapers the next day suggested a major panic occurred across the country with hospitals filled with thousands of people hurt by attempting to escape. The FCC then slapped a new regulation of broadcasters that everything had to be broadcast live (the production have been recorded on acetate records). Was Orson Welles' broadcast a panic-inflicting drama?

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Question 7:

The first licensed commercial radio station in the United States was KDKA in Pittsburgh.

Question 8:

Many former amateur radio stations were turned into commercial stations in the 1920s. WHA is a stand out because the Madison, Wisconsin based station was the first radio station to broadcast educational programming from the extension department of this land grant college.

Question 9:

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David Sarnoff, president of RCA (and thereby NBC), used every means possible to head off Edwin Armstrong's new FM radio system so he could squeeze all the profits possible from radio to develop television.

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Question 10:

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Who was the first President of the United States to appear on modern (electronic) television?  (place mouse pointer over ? icon to view hints or answer requirements)

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